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Denys Chumak

Denys Chumak

16 Oct 2023

Psychology Of Dreams: Why We Dream, How To Interpret

Ever wake up and wonder why you dreamt about flying or falling or embarrassing yourself in public? Dreams can be bizarre, emotional, and downright weird. But your dreams actually say a lot about you and your mental state. Understanding the psychology of dreams and how to interpret their meaning gives you insight into yourself you never knew you had.

What Actually Happens When We Dream?

When you drift off to sleep, your brain doesn't actually shut down. Parts of it remain active but in a different way than when you're awake. Your neurons fire in random bursts, forming connections that can spark some pretty vivid hallucinations - aka dreams.

Dreams occur during REM sleep when your brain is active but your muscles are calm. It's unclear why humans dream during REM sleep, but it may help us process emotions, consolidate memories, or affect other brain activities.

Dreams can incorporate sounds, sensations, memories, and emotions from real life. Ever had a dream where you're back in high school or revisiting your childhood home? Your sleeping mind is sifting through your memories and experiences, making new connections. Some dreams even tap into your latent fears, desires, and anxieties.

No two people dream alike. While there are some common dream themes and symbols, the meanings behind your dreams are highly personal. Dream analysis, or interpreting the meanings and messages in your dreams, can provide insight into your deepest thoughts and feelings.

Why Do We Dream? The Psychology Behind It.

Why do we dream? Our dreams are a window into our subconscious mind, revealing our deepest thoughts, emotions, and desires.

Theories about why we dream

There are many theories about “why do we dream?” The most well-known are:

1. Freud's theory of wish fulfilment: Dreams represent our unconscious desires and wishes.

2. Information consolidation: Dreams help us process emotions and memories from the day, consolidating them into our long-term memory.

3. Threat simulation: Dreams prepare us for threatening situations. They allow us to rehearse how to respond to danger.

4. Creativity boost: Dreams make unexpected connections in our minds that can enhance creativity. Many artists, musicians and inventors get inspiration from their dreams.

Also read: Why Do We Dream? Comprehensive Guide

The benefits of understanding your dreams

Recurring dreams or nightmares often represent unresolved anxiety or trauma. Keeping a dream journal and looking for patterns in settings, characters, objects, emotions, etc. can help you interpret the meaning. You may find that your dreams reflect your waking life stresses or bring to light desires you didn't realise you had.

The more you understand the psychology of dreams, the more you can gain from your nighttime adventures. So start paying attention to that inner world of imagination and see what it can reveal about your outer reality. Sweet dreams!

Also Read: What is Lucid Dreaming?

Decoding Dreams: How To Interpret?

Decoding the meaning of your dreams can be a fun puzzle to piece together. Here are some tips to help interpret what your subconscious is trying to tell you:

Look for patterns and symbols

Pay attention to repeating symbols, themes, colours, numbers, etc. in your dreams. These could represent important messages from your subconscious. For example, water often symbolises emotions, roads signify a journey, and numbers may indicate a need for structure or change.

Consider the dream moods

The overall dream moods or feelings can provide clues to its meaning. An anxious dream may point to stress or uncertainty in your life. A happy dream could reflect contentment or optimism. Dreams that stir up sadness or fear are often connected to painful or unpleasant emotions you may be grappling with.

Also read: The Impact of Bad Dreams on Mood

Do a search

A “dream dictionary” or online search can be a helpful starting point. Look up key symbols, objects, people, places or events in your dream to find their common dream interpretations. While these universal interpretations provide insight, the most accurate meaning comes from your personal associations.

Think metaphorically

Dreams speak in metaphors and symbolism, not literal meanings. Don’t take everything at face value. That scary monster or strange place probably represents something else, like a challenge you're facing or a new situation you're exploring. Look past the obvious details for a metaphorical message.

Keep a journal

Recording your dreams in a journal helps identify patterns over time and provides more context to interpret their meaning. Re-reading dreams days or weeks later can reveal connections you may have missed before. A journal also allows you to track how dreams change as your life circumstances change.

With practice, decoding the meaning of your dreams can become second nature. You can take the help of a dream dictionary to find the hidden message of your dreams. Be patient and keep an open mind - your subconscious has an important story to tell.


So there you have it, a quick primer on the psychology of dreams and how to start interpreting their meaning. Dreams are a window into your subconscious mind and gaining awareness of the messages they contain can be profoundly insightful. Keep a dream notebook, identify patterns and symbolism, consider how the dream made you feel, and draw parallels to your daily life.

You can also check out DreamApp, a dream dictionary, to help you analyse your dreams. May the messages your subconscious reveals to you in the night help guide you to greater understanding and wisdom.


What happens when we dream?

Brain activity during sleep creates vivid dreams by forming random connections. REM sleep is when most people dream, which may help them process emotions and memories.

What is revealed about our minds by our dreams, and why do we dream?

We see our subconscious thoughts, emotions, and desires in dreams. We dream for many reasons, including wish fulfilment, information consolidation, and creativity boost.

What is lucid dreaming?

When the conscious brain awakens while you are sleeping, it is safe and normal to experience lucid dreams. British parapsychologist Keith Hearne became the first to find concrete proof of lucidity while dreaming.

Why is it beneficial for us to understand dreams?

Dream interpretation can provide an understanding of emotional and mental states. Repeated dreams or nightmares may indicate unresolved issues or desires. Keep a dream journal and analyse patterns to understand them.

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